A. A. Somkin
Ogarev Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russia, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
THE HOLISTIC SOCIAL SYSTEMS AS AN OBJECT OF SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS: THE SPECIALTIES OF THEIR COGNITION AND THE MAIN TYPOLOGICAL FEATURES
In the article the typological specifics of the holistic systems as the base of their study is revealed, that in the author’s opinion consists: 1) in the presence of the new integrative qualities, not inherent to the forming their elements separately; 2) in abilities of the independent operation and development.
Two complexes of the essential features, characterized the qualitative difference of the holistic social systems. A. The general features of the holistic social systems: 1) the presence of the social relations as the special type of the relationships between system elements (political, legal, moral and others); 2) the presence of the objective and subjective factors; 3) the conscious self-organization; 4) the special hierarchiness; 5) the relative autonomy from the nature; 6) the operational lock-in; 7) the social and biological self-reproduction; 8) inlinealness of the development («zigzagness»); 9) the variantness of the development. B. The special features, expressing the specifics of the integrated personality: 1) the conscious self-controllability; 2) the role-includness in the system of the social relationships; 3) the includness in the social valued system of the concrete society; 4) social adjustness of behaviour (moral, legal, religious and administrative-managementive); 5) the presence of the typological and the individual features; 6) the presence of the individual liberty and social responsiblity; 7) the ability of the operation level realignment; 8) psychological and social openness (dissipation); 9) the ability to «the internal» and «the external» social estimation; 10) the social transcendentness; 11) the processness; 12) the self-reference and semantic lock-in; 13) the reflexiveness; 14) the contiguousness and communicativeness; 15) the ability of the verbal and the other forms of communication; 16) the individual level of developments of the intellect, abilities and professional skills.
Keywords: the system-holistic approach, the holistic social system, personality, society, social philosophy.
© Ogarev Mordovia State University. History and Sociology Institute, 2017
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