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«Humanitarian» (2020г. №49)

ISSN 2078-9823 (Print), ISSN 2587-7879 (Online)

DOI: 10.15507/2078-9823.049.020.202001.061-071

Aleksey I. Belkin

National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University (Saransk, Russia), e-mail: alex.i.bel@mail.ru


The ethic content of the historical concept of the sacred books (experience of comparative historical analysis of the Bible and the Koran)


The introduction substantiates the need to address the ethic foundations of human life in connection with the discussions on the search for a way out of the modern civilization of the systemic crisis. Materials and Methods. The object and subject of research are indicated. Based on this, it is given the argumentation for the choice of research methods, which are the method of studying primary sources and comparative historical analysis. Results. A number of preliminary observations are made, which indicate the peculiarities of the study of the problem under consideration. It is indicated the difference of approaches to understanding the history of mankind in the Old and New Testaments of the Christian’s Holy Scripture and in the Koran. As a starting point of comparative historical analysis, the ethic content of the historical concept of the Holy books is highlighted, it is noted that all of them are united by the idea of human sinfulness and the inevitability of punishment for sins. It is given the analysis of the ethic content of the historical concepts of the Old and New Testaments based on the fundamental ideas that determine the content of history of God’s nation of Israel and the Great Commandment. In relation to the Old Testament, the author analyzes the contradictory influence of the idea of God’s nation on the formation of ethics. The analysis of the moral content of the historical concept of the Koran is given based on the recognition of the importance of the prophets in human history; the main plot lines associated with the moral content of this activity are indicated. Discussion and Conclusion. The author substantiates the importance of understanding the historical concept of the sacred books for modern civilization and shows the importance of affirming in interpersonal relations the highest moral principles that form a respectful attitude to a human being.

Keywords: the Holy Book, the Bible, the Koran, prophets, ethics, comparative historical analysis, historical process, social philosophy.

For citation: Belkin A. I. The ethic content of the historical concept of the sacred books (experience of comparative historical analysis of the Bible and the Koran). Gumanitarian : aktual’nye problemy gumanitarnoi nauki i obrazovaniia = Russian Journal of the Humanities. 2020; 20(1): 61–71 (In Russ.). DOI: 10.15507/2078-9823.049.020.202001.061-071.


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