ГуманитариЙ актуальные проблемы гуманитарной науки и образования
Russian Journal of the Humanities
ISSN 2078-9823 (Print)
ISSN 2587-7879 (Online)
ISSN 2078-9823 (Print), ISSN 2587-7879 (Online)
Valery S. Lunin
National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University (Saransk, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Formation of Motion of Student Construction Teams in Mordovia (1966–1970)
Introduction. One of the priority directions of modernization of higher and secondary vocational education in the Russian Federation is to strengthen its practical orientation, which is largely due to the urgent need to increase the competitiveness of young people in the labor market and overcome their social infantilism and social indifference at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries. In this regard, the unique historical experience gained in our country in the Soviet era in attracting students to solve the most important economic problems through the activities of student construction teams (SCT) is of particular relevance. Since the beginning of the 60s of the last century and to the present, the efforts of domestic scientists-humanitarians have created a significant number of works devoted to various problems and aspects of the SCT movement. However, among the studies of regional orientation there is not one in which the activities of SCT in Mordovia are analyzed. The purpose of this article is to study the process of the birth of the construction brigade movement among students of Mordovian universities and educational institutions of the secondary vocational education and primary vocational education systems in 1966–1970. Materials and Methods. The source base of the article was made up of documents from the Central State Archive of the Republic of Mordovia, periodicals (newspapers Young Leninist, Mordovian University), memoirs of former participants and organizers of SCT. When systematizing and analyzing concrete historical facts, along with general scientific methods (induction, deduction), special historical ones were used – ideographic, historical genetic. Results. The causes of the movement of student construction teams in Mordovia are revealed, the dynamics of the number of their personnel and the efficiency of production activity is shown. Discussion and Conclusion. By the beginning of the 70s of the last century in Mordovia, the organizational and industrial formation of the movement of student construction units had completed and, on the basis of the principle of voluntariness, it had become mass. SCT not only made a significant contribution to strengthening the material and technical base of the republic during the eighth five-year period, but also laid down the best traditions for the development of this patriotic youth movement in subsequent years.
Keywords: physical labor, labor education, students, Komsomol, third labor semester, student construction teams, socialist competition, Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Mordovia, Mordovia State University, Mordovian State Pedagogical Institute, secondary vocational education.
For citation: Lunin V. S. Formation of Motion of Student Construction Teams in Mordovia (1966–1970). Gumanitarian : aktual’nye problemy gumanitarnoi nauki i obrazovaniia = Russian Journal of the Humanities. 2020; 20(1): 18–40 (In Russ.). DOI: 10.15507/2078-9823.049.020.202001.018-040.
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